Renewed Culture Wars Against Hip Hop – The Black Matrix

Renewed Culture Wars Against Hip Hop – The Black Matrix

By N Oji Mzilikazi

March 22, 2012

(Originally published in the Montreal Community Contact Volume 22, Number 05)

The Montreal Gazette of March 21 carried the article: “Pointe Claire bar agrees to ban hip hop and rap in order to get back liquor licence.” Though it came from the Régie des alcools, the hand of the police was all over it.

For the longest while the police have been aggressive in trying to shut down any bars, clubs or café where street gang members or people associated with them hang.

In June 2010 the police went before the Régie des alcools to have Café Bar Ferrari in Rivière des Prairies closed. In October 2010, the Régie revoked the licence of D-Lounge, an establishment in Rivière des Prairies. In April 2010, the police used the excuse of concerns for public safety to seek revocation of the bar licence for Club Temptation, a strip club on Ste. Catherine St. W. Its licence was permanently suspended in February 2011.

Joints run by the mafia, bikers, and other ethnic based criminal organizations are literally left untouched. The Consenza Social Club in St. Léonard was wiretapped from June 2003 to November 2006. Given the arrests coming out of those wiretaps, the police never sought to get it decertified as a mafia headquarters.

Given that racial profiling at its core is the criminalization of Blacks, the police see hip hop that came out of the Black musical matrix as engendering criminality. When it comes to rap, racism accounts for the deliberate conflating of lyrics with truth and or advocacy.  It’s not the first time Montreal police have indicted rap.

In the early 90s, Claude-François Simard, the Québécois rapper known as KC LMNOP, and who once hosted MusiquePlus Rap Cité caught an armed sexual assault case. Lyrics from his album, “Ta Yeul” were used against him at his trial.

In April 2007 Daniel Topey was shot in the back of the neck by a police officer in a 4-man SWAT team operation. Topey was subsequently charged with attempted murder. Topey denied firing at the officers. Interestingly, only Officer Nicholas Brazeau heard and saw the shots Topey allegedly fired.

On September 29, 2009, I saw Crown Attorney Anne-Marie Otis on the CBC evening news (exactly 6:05 pm) saying that lyrics from a rap by Topey saying, “I wanted to kill a cop with a Glock” prompted the SWAT team to go after him.

Reports at the time specifically stated those lyrics were only discovered after Topey was shot and his residence searched. Even then, it’s the nature of artistic minds – singers, poets, and authors, to apply creative license.

Canadian Neil Young 1969 hit song “Down By The River” (I’m a fan of Buddy Miles’ version.) is a rock & roll classic. With lyrics, “Down by the river I shot my baby/Down by the river/Dead, oh, shot her dead,” the slow jam burner glorifies spousal/girlfriend murder. But no one looks at it from that perspective.  When it comes to rap, its lyrics are to be seen as real.

In January 2000 Leslie Gero was on trial for procuring and living off a white prostitute. Crown prosecutor Josee Belanger positioned Gero’s tattoo, “A player 4 life” as proof positive he was a die-hard pimp. Gero’s tattoo was slang, but they had to make it more than it was.

In the culture of that milieu, a person couldn’t be a player or a die-hard pimp if they had only one girl in their stable, as was the case with Gero.

Music is my thing/was my thing. I’ve been a street deejay and a club deejay. I could tell a million stories; a million different police stories. I’ve worked in white clubs were coke was sold and snorted in the bathrooms and the police never paid a visit.

I was one of the house deejays at a club located at the corner of de Maisonneuve and rue de la Mountagne. It was also a hangout spot for the Irish mob. Rumour was – it was theirs. When they stepped into the club on a Friday or Saturday night, and the manager says to play a couple mob favourites like Frank Sinatra – it was done. And it mattered not that the club was packed, rocking and hopping to R&B.

Patrons who didn’t know the deal would look at me like, What A…! But ten minutes later, I’ll have them screaming and dancing their ass off. I never saw the police enter its premises.

Monday nights were Reggae Nights at Zoulou Danse Bar on St. Laurent Blvd. Ever so often the cops would make an appearance. The Club had a very good lighting system. I would immediately put the fog on, and full the place with smoke so whosoever were puffing on the herb could get rid of it.

On the other hand, when I used to go to Club Nubia in Atwater and even deejayed there as a guest, one could’ve gotten a contact high from the pervasiveness of the weed. And I never saw the police enter its premises.

As mentioned, music was my business, and when it comes to the nightlife business – drawing from my conversations with people in the know, the police, bikers, and the mob get paid. Sometimes the police served as enforcers.

A Haitian brother once opened a club on Crescent Street just above Ste. Catherine, featuring live bands that played pop, country, or rock n roll. It was the only club on the strip with a live band. I was one of the house deejays. I worked there on Thursday, Fridays, and Saturdays.

Cops would enter the premises and say that the music from the band was too loud so the doors to the terrace must be closed. If the doors are closed, passersby might be unaware that there is a live band inside and would gravitate to the already well-known and more popular spots.

The police would also wait for the club to be packed to make their grand entrance. Their mission: verify that the alcohol being served in the club was SAQ – legally purchased. The club patrons were 100 per cent white. Whenever the cops came, there was always a bee hive to the door. Within three weeks of regularly police checkups the club closed its doors.

There was this club on Park Avenue, and according to those in the know, the owner would refill SAQ bought alcohol with those from the reservation. Should any inspector query his lack of sales, the ready excuse was “Blacks don’t drink.” When I deejayed there – I never saw a police presence.

Law enforcement officials have a job to do. Their huge information network allows them to know who is doing what, where and when. They are also masters at exerting subtle or overt pressure. Also, there is a great amount of bias in the manner they do their jobs.

No one would ever want to be the focus of police attention, even when innocent. When I opened a business on Peel Street, between de Maisonneuve and Ste. Catherine back in the 90s, representatives from both the police and firemen association approached me to advertise my business in their calendar.

No business person would say no – to such a request coming from them.  They don’t want fire officers coming on their premises to see whether or not they are in compliance with all the safety codes, be extremely stringent with them, turn miniscule into fault, and so on.

And giving my nightlife experience with how the police operate, I don’t want them in my ship. So you see, a simple request coming from those august bodies exerts a subtle pressure, and it’s not as if police and firemen aren’t aware of it.

My landlord owned a lot of prime downtown real estate. My name and reputation was always you know… When I told my landlord about their visit, he told me not to worry, and I never did. The cops never bothered me.

The bottom line is there are politics and politics, and circles within circles. Keep your eyes on the lines.

Afro Indo Unity: Can The Ganges Ever Meet The Nile? Conclusion

Afro Indo Unity: Can The Ganges Ever Meet The Nile? Conclusion

By N Oji Mzilikazi

March 22, 2012

(Originally published in the Montreal Community Contact Volume 22, Number 05)

History informs. The past laid the foundation for personal, even national character, attitudes and dynamics.

The study of the past enlightens. It opens the door to understanding root causes of both the current positives and or negatives of a people, the society or conflict. It allows us to come to terms with ourselves, positions one to eliminate misconceptions, put things in perspective, demystify and quite possibly reduce bias and prejudice.

The arrival of the British East India Company in India in the early 1600s set the stage for India becoming an outpost of the almighty British Empire. Military might allow Britain to impute unto themselves that they bore the Divine Burden of reigning over God’s empire on earth. The result was they imposing their will and rule over others without care of consequence.

For the most part Muslims, Hindus and Sikhs were an integrated population. Under the auspices of British imperialism and without regards for rivers, roads, mountains, valleys, settlement, and 400 million people, British judge, Sir Cyril Radcliffe and Lord Mountbatten divided British India along religious lines and into two halves – a Muslim Pakistan and a Hindu India.

The partition set the stage for three full-scale wars between India and Pakistan, insurgency movements in the Indian territories like Kashmir and Punjab, and Bengali nationalists establishing Bangladesh out of “Pakistani” territory. The British partition of India some 65 years ago still continues to engender strife and acts of terrorism.

Reeling under the weight of South Asian immigration and the natural expansion of their communities, the former master of India has become afraid of the browning of Britain. Indophobia and Islamophobia is commonplace.

British Muslims have frequently carved out and identified territory as Muslim zones subjected to Sharia law, much to the chagrin of all non-Muslims, the police and judiciary. Once subjected to colonialism, Indians are colonizing Britain.

Arrogance born out of imperialism resulted in the British engaging in social engineering. They transplanted huge numbers of people from India to Africa to do clerical work in Africa, as well as working banking and tailoring.

Setting up Indians to economically prosper over native Africans; setting up another set of foreigners- brown/black skin, but with different languages, culture and religion was in effect to misdirect future African rage from white imperialists to East Indians. It was intended to disenfranchise and impoverish Black Africans.

Since East Indians had nothing in common with Africans, their bond to Mother India guaranteed their attitude towards Africa and Africans would be one of exploitation, and the acquiring and hoarding of wealth and goods.

It is precisely that state of affairs and or perception that resulted in the ordered expulsion of Indians from Uganda by its president Idi Amin in August 1972.

While Indians and Africans are wont to see the other as enemy, ignored are the factors that made them adversaries, and which could help in extrication.

Knowledge of the past can lead to forgiveness, and change. Yet, there are those who out of fear or protection of privilege see no value in the study of the past and learning from it. They think of it as reopening old wounds, impossible to change so best left alone, even when it is the wellspring of their being and actions.

For others, it is either the foundation of their hate, their politics of grievance and revenge or an exploitative mechanism to gain or hold onto power.

While racial identity and religious beliefs are always going to resonate among huge numbers of any given populace; people are never a homogeneous mass even when sharing the same ethnicity or religion. Nonetheless, leadership who see and define life solely through the prism of race, culture or religion, are always hell-bent on making sure that each and every member of their community or ethnicity adhere to the same philosophy, and are bound by loyalty to the tribe.

Since the divisiveness and dividedness of tribal/ethnic politics is their mainstay, national reconciliation leaves them without a platform. Consequently, they’ll continue rehash past racial injustices just to keep the pot of racism boiling, twist facts and events to sustain or manufacture hatred, support prejudice, defend the indefensible, pander to ethnic fears and make every issue about race.

They aren’t averse to embellishing the historical record, and more often than not are going to stand in opposition to racial mixing and or intermarriage.

History has uniquely shaped West Indian/Caribbean people. Pure bloodlines are in a minority. Large islands like Trinidad, Jamaica and Guyana overwhelmingly have a rainbow population – shades, colours and mixed ethnicities that define classification, and who share overlapping and combined histories.

(Yes, Guyana is situated in South America and is not an island, but its history is aligned with that of the West Indies and its people considered wet Indians as well.)

There is no Mother Africa, Mother India, Mother China, Mother Spain, France, Holland, Syria, Portugal, Lebanon or Mother Europe for West Indian/Caribbean people. There is only the beauty and uniqueness of their West Indian-ness and humanity that ought to be embraced.

I’d like to think that the humanity of each and every person transcends racial, ethnic, and religious distinctions. And while the Ganges will continue to meet the Nile head on in the islands, our actions/non-action will determine the quality of the water in the tributaries being carved.

West Indians living in the diaspora ought not, and cannot afford to get caught up in intra-racial divisions or island tribalism when the larger society perceive the entire community as “outsiders” and obstacles exist that impedes our growth.

We have to move away from insults to race, move away from branding organizations as an “Indian” or “Black” thing, and be welcoming to those faces in our organizations that doesn’t look like ours.

If our West Indian/Caribbean community is to truly become a force and taken seriously, we must embrace the motto: E Pluribus Unum – “Out of many, one.”

Mayor Gerald Tremblay’s Storm Troopers

Mayor Gerald Tremblay’s S/t/o/r/m Troopers

By N Oji Mzilikazi

March 8, 2012

(Originally published in the Montreal Community Contact Volume 22, Number 04)

On February 27, I was on the 165 Bus heading south – rush hour – shortly after 17h30, when it was stopped, boarded by three STM (La Société de transport de Montréal) inspectors; two males and a female. After barking out of instructions, they preceded to verify the electronic correspondence of all its commuters.

I’ve exited quite a few metro trains during rush hour and along with fellow travellers, confronted by a phalanx of inspectors verifying the correspondence of all debarking passengers. It’s no fun encountering inspectors blocking entrances and exits for fare and in some cases ID inspection, when running late or hustling to catch a bus.

This time, my first experience on the bus – their appearance, the act, took on a very sinister glow. Never mind that the bus was parked for an interminably long time – or at least that how it felt. (I failed to note the exact time. They encountered a youth in the back row and spent a good ten minutes “chatting him up.”) Their presence made me feel we weren’t in Canada, but in some Third World country under a dictatorship or military junta rule, and I silently cursed Mayor Tremblay and the backwardness of the electorate for supporting this.

The Montreal Transit Corporation fare inspection system is nothing other than a tax grab/stream of revenue for City Hall.

Prior to the 2009 installation of electronic cash boxes in buses and the Opus card to access both bus and metro, cheating the STM wasn’t that difficult. All a person had to do was add a lot of pennies, nickels or dimes to the mix and throw them into the bus and the driver wouldn’t be able to deduce if the full fare was or wasn’t paid.

The driver could’ve cheated his/her employer by giving free transfers to family and friends, and none except the commuters who might possibly witness such would be wiser. With the new system, everyone pays.

Often under the old system, persons who weren’t transferring to another bus or taking the metro refused taking the correspondence from the bus driver. Under the new system, passengers are obligated to take and hold on to their electronic pass. Anyone using the STM (even when exiting the metro) can be intercepted by its inspectors to verify their card is in good standing.

Huge fines – in the hundreds of dollars are meted out for an expired card, using one belonging to another or failing to produce one result. Samantha Hyman-Roberts was fined $214 for tossing out hers at her journey’s end.

Without an Opus card or a magnetic ticket that is only issued upon receipt of the correct fare, one is unable to transfer to another bus or use the métro without having to pay again. If someone refuses to pay or is giving trouble on the bus, the driver can stop the bus immediately, lock its doors and call the police. Busses are equipped with cameras and an electronic message system that allows the driver to flash help or call 911.

Additionally, cellphones with camera technology enables citizen surveillance; calls to be made to the police and videos and photos taken by citizens to be mined by the police. The transportation system is fraud proof.

In June 2009, STM spokesperson Marianne Rouette justification for fare inspection as reported in the Gazette was: “People jump turnstiles, get on the bus through the back doors, borrow other people’s reduced-fare cards, or brazenly refuse to pay, even when they get caught by the driver.” In November 2009 she added, “Put incorrect change in the fare collector.” (If you do it will not spit out a ticket.)

On July 23, 1991, 12 children ages 3-7, and their 4 camp counsellors – all of African descent boarded an MUC bus. Doubting the age of those said to be underage, thus exempted from paying the fare, the driver stopped the bus, locked its doors and called the cops. When the cops arrived, they confirmed that everyone in the group over the age of five had indeed paid the correct fare. And that was 18 years ago. Clearly, Rouette was just about spin.

The manpower allocated for fare inspection ought to be greatly reduced. But when the City is about squeezing a nickel out of the populace any way it can…

From now on I’m going to save all my electronic correspondence for when next I encounter STM inspectors. I’ll present them all. Make it appear the current one is mixed up in the lot, and let them scan away. Then I’ll produce the current one. I’ll try to waste their time the way they waste mines with Tremblay’s out-for-revenue scheme.

In May 2009, Bela Kosoian was fined $420 for not holding the escalator handrails in the metro. In April 2008, Brendan Colin Jones was fined $628 for sitting on a marble ledge in Berri Square. Amal Asmar was fined $480 for having her bag on a bus-stop bench, and an additional $620 for making noise when she was pinned to the police cruiser. It’s not as if people were waiting in line to catch the bus that cold February 2010 morning at the ungodly hour of 3 a.m.

When taxis speed at nights, darkness and parked cars on the roadside becloud their drivers vision, and taxis routinely bypass Black people, Kamrol Joseph was ticketed for stepped onto the street to hail a taxi 2 a.m. in the morning. Whether it’s under the guise of STM inspection or incivilities, the indirect taxation of the citizenry by Tremblay’s  troopers continue unabated. Not even the homeless are exempted from being ticket.

Meanwhile, “Incompetence and sleaze” as per the April 14, 2011, Gazette, continue to live the good life at City Hall.



Pope Benedict Denounces Gay Marriage Hypocrisy

Pope Benedict Denounces Gay Marriage Hypocrisy

By N Oji Mzilikazi

March 10, 2012

Yesterday, Pope Benedict went on a rant denouncing America’s gay marriage lobby, and called for the continued defence of the traditional marriage and family construct.

Considering the huge amount of documentary evidence in regards to child abuse and pedophilia in every corner of the world with a Catholic Church or a Catholic Order – and their cover-up, and that boys are overwhelmingly the victims of their sexual abuse; one must conclude that the Catholic Church has been doing this for centuries, the Church has been a breeding ground for pedophiles and homosexuality, and the Church has lost its moral high ground and the right to pontificate on marriage and the family.

Sexual abuse/pedophilia is a life sentence. It destroys the wholesomeness of the human spirit, the ability of a child to love and trust, and it fuels dysfunction.

Sexual abuse sends its victims along a trajectory of mental issues, depression, suicidal tendencies, drugs, alcohol abuse/addiction, promiscuity, prostitution, crime, sexual perversions, and to even replicate sexual abuse – factors that pretty much minimize the establishment and maintenance of stable and healthy families.

Huge numbers of popes were married, had been married, had illegitimate children prior to receiving “Holy Orders,” were sexually active after, produced children after, and had male lovers during their pontificate. (An internet search will verify those assertions.)

There is no scriptural justification for the celibacy of the priesthood. Leviticus 21: 13-14 instructs priests to take a wife in her virginity.” Leviticus 21: 9 defines the punishment for the daughter of a priest whose career choice is that of a whore.

Pope Siricus introduced celibacy in 386. It is alleged he left his wife and children to become pope. The 9th Council of Toledo (655) declared priests that broke the vow of celibacy and their children would be enslaved. At the Synod of Melfi (1089), Pope Urban 11 added that the wives of priests would also be condemned into slavery.

That didn’t stop priests and popes from continuing to using their robes of power to extract sex from laity, rape and sexually abuse minors and have children.

Imagine the hands that raise and serve communion – the Holy Mystical Body of Christ and bless parishioners, will then turn around and pollute the sanctuary of the Church – do evil to little children; persons the same Church considers precious, innocent and need protecting.

And how did the Catholic Church deal with its pedophiles, sexual misconduct by priests and their fathering of children? It moved them to other parishes, dioceses or different countries. They would be accorded the respect given to men of the cloth, and since none knew their past, were free to prey on a new congregation of young boys in awe of priests and fearful of the devil.

The really bad serial offenders were sent to the church’s clinic that treats the sexual addiction of priests. It’s only within the past decade when the stink of pedophilia reached the high heavens from activism, did secular authorities – the law and order machinery get more deeply involved.

Jesus turned water into wine at a wedding feast, ergo blessing marriage. It was such a potent brew that the people commented to the host that he left the best wine for last. Marriage and sex was so honourable that Deuteronomy 24:5 instructs bosses to:  “Give a man a year off from work to pleasure his new wife.”

Contrary to pronouncements from the likes of Paul, divorce and remarriage were always an option. Deuteronomy 24:1-2 “…write her a bill of divorcement…she may go and be another man’s wife.”

Paul’s response to the Corinthians on the question of if ‘it is good for a man not to touch a woman,” was “It is good for them if they abide even as I. But if they cannot contain, let them marry: for it is better to marry than burn.” Nevertheless, when Catholic priests cannot abide, they cannot marry.

Their doxy forbids that which God bless, but they have no qualms seeking relief in Leviticus 18: 22 “Thou shall not lie with mankind as with womankind: it is an abomination.” Isn’t the God of yesterday the same today and the same tomorrow – unchanging?

The path of Christian redemption is by definition narrow. You qualify if you faithfully observe various rules and regulations. Failure to do so meant a removal of grace and blessings from the individual as well as being cast out of the congregation. Leviticus 20: 23 “And ye shall not walk in the manners of the nation, which I cast out before you.”

The Bible thus speaks to believers – God’s people. According to Biblical teachings, homosexuals are not under the blood of Jesus, so why is the Church forever excoriating them – and not taking out the plank that is in their eyes?

Wasn’t Jesus quoted saying, “Render unto Caesar the things that are Caesar’s, and unto…” If you claim to be Christian, live up to your values and what is expected of you and let others be. Same-sex marriage is no skin off your back. Let them give unto Caesar or whoever. Just as you have your God they may have theirs.

For centuries the Catholic Church held a vice-grip around the throats of mankind. The Catholic Church is responsible for a great many evils in this world, for the divisions within Christianity – “compromising the unity of Christ” as voiced by Pope John Paul11.


Montreal Police Racial Profiling Farce

Montreal Police Racial Profiling Farce

By N Oji Mzilikazi

March 3, 2012

(Remixed from Black History Month: Effective Leadership)

In January 2012, Mayor Gerald Tremblay, Montreal Police Chief Marc Parent, and La Société de transport de Montréal (STM) chief Michel Labrecque announced new policy to tackle racial profiling. For all the applause, no one took them up on their hypocrisy and B.S., given how many times we’ve been down that road.

Mayor Tremblay/City Hall has consistently fought racial profiling cases. As Gaétan Cousineau, president of Quebec’s Human Rights Commission publicly expressed, “systematically blocking complaints of racial profiling against the police force.”

Media houses have been supportive and complicit. Case in point: January 21, 2008, Montreal Gazette Editorial: “Thin evidence of profiling.”

Its editorial board took offence with the findings of the Quebec Human Rights Commission against the police and the financial compensation allocated to the victims. It applauded the City’s refusal to pay, and hoped the Human Rights Tribunal upheld their position.

As if Blacks do not pay taxes – contribute to the public purse, the Gazette insultingly lamented how the financial judgement would be borne by taxpayers.

In February 2010, Councillor Marvin Rotrand, vice-chair of the STM response to racial profiling complaints was, “The STM does not tolerate racial profiling and as far as we know, there is no racial profiling.” In January 2012 the STM was ordered to pay $23,000 to a 57-year-old Black man over a Feb. 3, 2010 racial profiling incident.

At the June 2010 Quebec Human Right Commission provincial inquiry into racial profiling, Denis Desroches, assistant director of the Montreal Police department stated, “That’s not the way we do police work.” They apply criminal profiling techniques as opposed to racial, and reiterated that, “All employees of the force are required to respect an institutional policy against racial profiling introduced in 2004.” Just as opinion isn’t fact, theory/rules do not infer practice.

In the October 1, 2009, Toronto Star, Keith Forde, the deputy chief of the Toronto police was forthright about racial profiling. He said, “The police service must stop denying…It is problematic and no longer acceptable in a multiracial society.” We know racial profiling exists “because it is a lived experience that has been shared among thousands. We know because our kids, our families and our friends tell us that it exists.” Forde is Black.

When Roland Bourget became Montreal chief of police in February 1985, two of his priorities were addressing the complaints of police brutality and harassment against Blacks, and improving the relations between the police and Montreal ethnic minorities. He promised to crack down on police officers who mistreated minorities. And guess what? It never happened.

In March 2004, Montreal Police Chief Michel Sarrazin sent a memo to his 5,000 officers declaring that racial profiling was officially against department policy. Now, eight years later, the police are still treading water on the issue.

At the press conference, Chief Marc Parent detailed a three-year plan to deal with profiling. However, in December 2006, Montreal Police Chief Yvan Delorme stated that in early 2007, his department would present a three-year plan to combat racial profiling.

Clearly, Delorme’s plan was never implemented – otherwise profiling wouldn’t be the issue that it is. Methinks Parent’s plan is a brand new second-hand plan – that of Delorme’s tweaked.

One of the plan’s initiatives includes racial sensitivity training.

In April 1988, MUC Police Officer Det. Sgt. Gaston Roussin booked off sick rather than take the department’s two-day race-relations course. He previously avoided the course by taking a three-week vacation.

The fact that twenty-four years later racial sensitivity training is on “the plan” indicates band-aid techniques have been applied by the police to appease outrage at given moments in time. If “sensitivity training” was part of the training at the police academy, we wouldn’t be having this conversation. Who is to say this go around isn’t part of the same old, same old?

Profiling persists because the police culture – criminalization of Blacks hasn’t changed.

As to Parent’s assertions of discipline and punishment for officers engaging in racial profiling – when Bill Blair was installed as Toronto’s chief of police in May 2005, he promised a zero tolerance police to racial profiling – officers would be disciplined/punished.

In 2009, Blair let it be known that police lawyers would be taking the Ontario Human Rights Tribunal to the Superior Court of Ontario over its racial profiling ruling against Constable Michael Shaw.

As goes the adage: “Fool me once, shame on you, fool me twice shame on me.”

For the sake of repetition, given we have been down that proverbial road many times before; I see no reason why the Black community should trust the pronouncements coming from the police brass or even trust frontline officers themselves. For me, actions are the determinant.

With City Hall and the police, it’s not about doing but giving the appearance of doing. For all their posturing, City Hall and police brass have no power to affect change.

The power to effect change in the police culture lies in the hands of the police union, and they have never thrown their weight against racial profiling. So all communities that are victimized by racial profiling are left with is talk, talk, and more talk from police chiefs and politicians.